Land and Resource Planning and Indigenous Interests: Reproducing or Transforming the Social Relations of Resources Use

By: Marcus Lane and Stuart Cowell
This paper focuses on the planning and policy implementation processes in a mining area in Australia. Its actually showed the case about the capitalism side against marginalized people that have a dispute about land and resources ownership. We could see that in this case, the planners thought that the state-planning is actually coming from “superior” decision making, which emerged a consequences on indigenous people, yes, they will be marginalized because of state-planning (Howitt, 1989).
Somehow the planners create a great state-planning, but its still uneasy to implement the planning in the field among the community. The weaknesses of state-planning which include the world-class planners is really vivid. They do not involve community and have ignorance to the community-based-planning framework. But one thing that we should highlighted here, planners do not work for government. They work for other stakeholders. So can you spot how many stakeholders involved in this complex situation? State, (in this case government as the main actor), corporate, planners and community (indigenous people) – (Sandercock, 1998) and (Leavitt, 1994)
Indigenous Peoples and Resources Planning in Australia:
The real situation which occurred in Australia is the surviving-phase of indigenous people to have the land rights and to have access and control over the natural resources (in fact, it belongs to them, but they could not utilize it). And the intervention of planners as the agent of development has contributed the worst condition to indigenous people. They could not have such reconciliation regarding to rights of land and natural resources. It means, planners always have no-tricks to engage with indigenous peoples. Absolutely failed. (Lane and Dale, 1995).
There are 3 indicators which make indigenous people become less-recognized in state-planning:
1) The classical reason such as racism that had been created by European people that always exclude indigenous people (Aborigine) in any decision-making process, especially about land ownership.
2) The dynamic atmosphere in political, cultural, economic and geographic factor. Frankly speaking, of course indigenous people could not have full-participation in those fields, since they have lack of knowledge in political, cultural, economic and geographic.
3) There is a dominant way-of-thinking by the planners which assumed that the indigenous people have a dull (out-of-date) in planning. Planners added that Aborigine have irrational thought, and it could not be applied in modern era.

To answer those questions, we should reflected on a quote by Crough and Cronin, 1995:

“The descendants of the indigenous population who lived in and around the region a century ago ARE STILL HERE. But now are almost completely dispossessed and marginalized from the decision-making processes affecting the region. It is possible that the dreams of “glory days” in the region today represents as fundamentally flawed notions of development for this region as those in the last century”


Menurut gw ya, ni kasus di Australi terhadap orang Aborigin mirip banget dengan yang ada di sekeliling gw sekarang (kita ambil konteksnya orang Betawi – penduduk asli Jakarta). Tahun 2015 kaya sekarang, masih bisa gak kita ngeliat orang asli Betawi punya tanah di Jakarta? Jawabannya? NOOO… Kalo mau cari orang asli Betawi, cari sono di sub-urban alias pinggiran Jakarta. Kentara banget kan kalo mereka makin terpinggirkan atau bahasa kerennya termarginalisasikan?

Padahal banyak banget ahli tata kota, ahli pemerintahan, ahli apaaa aja di Indonesia? Tapi kenapa para ahli itu “belum” berpihak pada penduduk asli Jakarta? Jawabannya menurut gw gak lain gak bukan, karena para ahli tersebut bekerja untuk kapitalis! Yes. Mereka memang bikin perencanaan dan tata kota yang bagus, yang cakep gilak, yang katanya green-environment, sampe2 smua cluster2 perumahan bagus di Jakarta kayak di Alam Sutera, BSD, Cibubur de el el hanya bisa dibeli sama orang2 berkantong tebel alias ‘the haves’ yaitu mostly Chinese. Nah trus, orang Betawi sendiri kedudukannya gimana? Well, frankly speaking. They are slowly disappeared by the modern era. Miris? Iya banget. Trus gimana??? Oke, lets do research on it! 🙂

Mereka eksis banget jaman dulu…

Sekarang mereka kemana?
Mereka tergantikan sama ini niihh…


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